Clean energy companies employed nearly 60,000 Minnesotans at the end of 2022, a 3.4% increase from 2021. In 2022, clean energy jobs grew 50% faster than the state’s overall economy. This growth is expected to continue as historic state and federal clean energy policies and incentives lead to new projects and lower upfront costs for businesses and homeowners to make energy efficiency improvements. Alongside tremendous opportunity for growth is the need for renewed focus on workforce training programs as historically low unemployment levels mean fierce competition for skilled workers across the state.
The biggest sector in Minnesota’s clean energy industry is energy efficiency, comprising over 72% of the state’s clean energy workforce. The 43,133 energy efficiency workers in Minnesota manufacture ENERGY STAR-rated appliances, install efficient lighting, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, and install advanced building materials in commercial buildings and homes.
As more auto manufacturers and their suppliers continued to shift to electric vehicles, the clean transportation sector saw an increase in employment of nearly 11% in Minnesota – the fastest growing sector in the state. The sector added over 400 new jobs for a total of 4,226 workers. Electric vehicle-related jobs accounted for most of the sector’s growth.
Renewable energy jobs in solar (5% growth) and wind (4% growth) continue to see gains throughout the state while smaller, emerging subsectors like battery storage technologies (5% growth) and grid modernization (13% growth) also continued to grow.
Clean energy jobs are found in every corner of the state. While the Twin Cities (38,362), St. Cloud (6,290), and Duluth (1,867) are some of the largest hubs for clean energy jobs, more than one in three — or more than 21,000 — jobs are in Greater Minnesota.
While recent federal policies create strong tailwinds, there is still more to do to meet the nation’s climate goals of reducing emissions by 50% by 2030, improve equity in the clean energy economy and grow clean energy jobs. The state of Minnesota has committed itself to 100% clean energy by 2040 and net-zero economy-wide by 2050. To accomplish these goals, policymakers should:
Across all clean energy sectors, the majority of clean energy jobs in Minnesota were in construction and professional services.
Learn even more about clean energy jobs in Minnesota.More Jobs Data
Unless otherwise stated, the data and analyses presented in this report by Evergreen Climate Innovations and Environmental Entrepreneurs (E2) are based on data collected for the 2023 U.S. Energy Employment Report (2023 USEER), produced by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and collected and analyzed by BW Research Partnership (BWRP).